Everything You Need to Know Regarding Colorectal Surgery

What is Colorectal Surgery?

Colorectal surgery refers to the repair of the rectum and colon through specific procedures that could have either short-term or long-term effects on the patient. A fully-trained practitioner who specializes in this complex form of surgery is known as a colorectal surgeon.

Who Should See a Colorectal Surgeon?

Individuals with IBD (inflammatory bowel disease) are expected to seek the services of a colorectal surgeon occasionally. Before scheduling an appointment with a colorectal surgeon Los Angeles would be the best place to see a gastroentorologist for a surgical consultation. 

Their job at this point will be to determine whether the patient’s ulcerative colitis or Crohn’s disease have reached a point whereby colorectal surgery is required. If the patient needs immediate surgery, they will then be booked for colorectal surgery.

Once the surgery is complete, patients with IBD are to maintain contact with the surgeon.  

What Kind of Conditions Do Colorectal Surgeons Treat?

It’s a legal requirement for all colorectal surgeons to be fully certified by the American Board of Colon and Rectal Surgery. He/she should be competent enough to either diagnose or treat:

  • Anorectal conditions (Abscesses, Hemorrhoids, etc.), 
  • Inflammatory bowel disease (Crohn’s disease and Ulcerative colitis)
  • Diverticulitis 
  • Colonic neoplasms (Cancer, Polyps and Familial polyposis)
  • Colon/rectum endoscopy
  • Intestinal/anorectal physiology (Diarrhea, constipation, anal incontinence, etc.)

Additionally, a professional colorectal surgeon should be able to perform colonoscopy or sigmoidoscopy as well as other screening exams from time to time. Screening exams should be done for digestive disorders including colorectal cancer.

Few colorectal surgeons may specialize in common IBD surgeries including strictureplasty, j-pouches, ostomies, resections, and many others.

How are Patients Prepared for Colorectal Surgery?

The patient will be given a brief outline of the procedure, its side-effects and how the patient’s body will react to it. As expected of any critical procedure, the patient will be required to fill and sign a consent form.

Electrocardiographs (EKGs) may be ordered, along with urine and blood samples. For the patient’s bowels to be emptied and cleaned, he/she will be placed on a strict liquid diet for at least 24hrs before the surgery takes place. 

A postoperative infection will then be carried out by the use of oral incentives such as kanamycin sulfate, erythromycin or neomycin. These will ensure that bacteria in the intestines are eliminated thereby increasing the chances of a successful colorectal surgery.

Where are Procedures Like These Carried Out?

Many facilities offer this kind of procedure. However, make it a point to visit a qualified facility and book an appointment with a skilled colorectal surgeon Los Angeles or anywhere across the U.S.